Bommai kolu or Bommala koluvu is the artistic display of dolls during Navaratri as well as during Sankranti time.
Its a major even in Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka and Kerala.
The display of dolls is known as Navaratri kolu or golu.
In Andhra Pradesh and Telangana it is known as Bommala koluvu.
The most important Navaratri dolls are the Marapachi figures [a pair of male and female dolls].
Earlier special artisans were invited to homes to create kolu dolls but now a days ready made dolls are available. Some people collect dolls through out the year keeping the kolu or Bommala koluvu in mind.
Some of the dolls do carry lot of memories because they are very old and they have been handed down to generations.
How to arrange dolls?
The Navaratri or Dasara kolu is displayed on stairs created from wood.
The number of steps depends on the availability of the dolls. The maximum number is nine representing the nine days of Navaratri.
Navaratri kolu is kept during Navaratri to honor Goddess Durga who is getting ready to fight demon Mahisha to restore Dharma. So it is darbar of assembly of Goddess Durga.
Usually the steps erected are odd numbers – 1,3,5,7,9 like this..
– The top most three steps are dedicated to various gods and goddesses. In some areas some people place ‘purna kumbham’ on the top most of the step.
– The next steps 4,5,6 are dedicated to Gurus, Saints, Religious personalities and other highly respected people in country and in the world.
– Seventh step is dedicated to various social activities and a festivals. People depict generally marriages and important festivals in this step.
– Eighth step is for business crafts and other economic activities.
– Ninth step is dedicated to dolls of men, women, children, animals, and birds.
During kolu the entire neighborhood, friends and relatives gather in a house and sing bhajans dedicated to Goddess Durga.
On the Vijayadashami the tenth day the dolls are taken out.
Bommala koluvu during Sankranti
Bhogi is one of the most important festivals of Andhra Pradesh and is celebrated for four days.
Bhogi is basically social festival that is celebrated as a harvest festival when the new crop is brought to the house.
In Bommala koluvu the girl children from age 3 are involved.
Friends and relatives are invited to have a look which is called perantam and then they are given Tambulam.
Why Bommala koluvu or golu
1. It relives stress from children.
2. It improves organizational skills which is highly essential for these young girls as they are the future organizers of the house hold things.
3. Bommala koluvu or golu give the opportunity to socialize themselves and thus helps them in maintaining better public relations.
4. It improves communication skills.
5. Encourages the creativity hidden in every child.
come let us keep this tradition..